Online Journal of Art and Design

Online Journal of Art and Design

Basic info

  • Publisher: OJAD
  • Country of publisher: turkey
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Arts and Literature, Design Automation
  • Publisher's keywords: Art, Design
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 8 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2013
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '90' articles

Mimari Programlama ve Tasar?m için Çözümleme: Adalet Saraylar?

Mimari Programlama ve Tasar?m için Çözümleme: Adalet Saraylar?

Authors: Dicle AYDIN (sorumlu yazar)| Prof. Dr., Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi, Mimarlık Bölümü, Konya [email protected], M. Mithat ÖZGEN| Dr., Selçuk Ü...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 1
(31 downloads)
Abstract

Programming and design process as the basic steps in creating a product of architectural planning process shows a systematic structure depending on the function especially in multi-functional building typologies. It is important for accurate architectural designs to create a systematic way and to transform many various and complex information into a sequence of useful information for programming and design. In this study, analysis titles for design and programming are determined such as: analysis of the organizational data, capacity and size surveys, determination of the basic functional groups, identification of the users, determination of the actions, tools and system of actions and these titles are handled via justice palaces formed of many complex function groups. The data obtained from these titles of analysis is identified as necessary strategies for architectural design.

Keywords: architectural design, programming, analysis architecture, courthouses
A Proposed Method on the Functionality Analysis of the Square - A Case Study: Eminonu Square Field Work

A Proposed Method on the Functionality Analysis of the Square - A Case Study: Eminonu Square Field Work

Authors: Assist. Prof. Dr. Fatih SEMERCİ| Necmettin Erbakan University, Eng. and Arch. Faculty, Architecture Department, Köycegiz Campus, C Blok, Meram, Konya,...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(90 downloads)
Abstract

In this research, analysis method based on users and sustainable squares should be focused of the users. In this context, “Observation Method” was used for users orientation in the fields (squares). By this method, we can do users observation and users mapping analysis. By This way to compare the data obtained with the mathematical data used Space Syntax method. Space Syntax is an user-oriented method. In this way, we can obtain data about using space and user orientation in the space. So, square’s circulation and static fields are determined. By using the methods, functional and useful spaces will be provided at the same time the production of sustainable spaces. In this research, Eminonu Square in the ?stanbul Historic Peninsula is selected for application area. The method has been tested in this area. With the results of the analysis demonstrated comments for sustainable square design.

Keywords: Observation Method, Space Syntax, Squares Analysis, Square Functionality
Cultural Heritage and Gender: On the Traces of Women’s Prayer Space in Bitola Mosques

Cultural Heritage and Gender: On the Traces of Women’s Prayer Space in Bitola Mosques

Authors: Gülşen Dişli| PhD Architect, Turkish Republic Prime Ministry Directorate General of Foundations Department of Art and Construction Works, Ankara, Turk...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Women’s attendance to the mosque affected the structure, essence, and architectural entity of the building in the form of women’s prayer space. This research analysed the traces of women’s section in historic mosques of Bitola, with an emphasis on development and comparative analysis of it according to cultural heritage and gender issues. Such an inquisitive analysis is important not only for correct preservation interventions but also for the understanding of social, cultural, and religious dimensions of gendered space divisions in mosque activities. Located in south western part of Macedonia, Bitola has a long history including more than five hundred years of ruling under Ottoman Empire. The rapid Islamic predominance in the region had brought about construction of mosques for the believers. Yet, in-situ analysis, oral history, and literature reviews showed that women were separated in the mosques either in their galleries or on the same floor with men but with a partition such as curtains. In addition to those analyses, considering the smaller, separated, or inferior conditions of spaces allocated for women in case study historic mosques of Bitola, there is little indication that mosque attendance today is a frequent practice of women in the city, if not in earlier times.

Keywords: Bitola, cultural heritage, gendered architecture, gendered mosque space, segregation, women’s prayer space
Energy Efficient Lighting In Retail Spaces - Case Study Evaluations

Energy Efficient Lighting In Retail Spaces - Case Study Evaluations

Authors: Sümengen, Ö.| Erciyes University, Faculty of Architecture, Turkey, Uyan F.| Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture Turkey, Yener A.| I...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(24 downloads)
Abstract

Energy efficient design gains in importance for reducing of both CO2 emissions and high energy costs. The electricity used for lighting needs have a large percentage of the buildings' total energy consumption; therefore lighting systems should be designed carefully. There are several certification methods to assess the sustainability of the buildings which differ according to the lighting related categories and the percentages of these categories in the overall building assessment. In this context, Lighting and Energy Consumption requirements of BREEAM Retail 2009 and LEED Commercial Interiors 2009 are investigated for retail spaces. Retail buildings are important energy users because of their long-period and common usage. As a case study the parameters determined by the methods are evaluated on a retail centre in Turkey. This study aims to emphasize the parameters of sustainable lighting design for retail spaces, which should provide the visual comfort conditions while minimizing the energy consumption.

Keywords: Sustainable lighting, Energy performance, Building assessment methods, Retail lighting
Influence of Design Styles on User Preferences in Hotel Guestrooms

Influence of Design Styles on User Preferences in Hotel Guestrooms

Authors: Aysen OZKAN| Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey [email protected], [email protected]
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(24 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, the impact of the differences between the hotel guestroom design styles and the participants’ gender on the dependent variables including preference, complexity and impressiveness was investigated. In the experiment, 82 Turkish persons rated the nine guestrooms grouped in contemporary, traditional and classical styles on seven-point Semantic Differential Scales for a total of five bipolar adjective pairs. According to the results, linear relationships were found between preference and complexity with preference and impressiveness indicated that preference increases with low complexity (simplicity) in line with high impressiveness. Furthermore, contemporary style guestrooms have had more positive evaluations for all dimensions compared to traditional and classical style guestrooms. In addition, males responded more positively than females. In conclusion, avoiding designs with complex features or those with excessive classical forms and using less ornate, smooth and simple forms or materials may contribute to the more positive perception of guestrooms by guests.

Keywords: interior design styles, preference, complexity, impressiveness, guestrooms
The Phenomenon of Privacy in the Culture-Dwelling Interaction: A Comparative Analysis over Traditional Urfa and Akçaabat Ortamahalle Houses

The Phenomenon of Privacy in the Culture-Dwelling Interaction: A Comparative Analysis over Traditional Urfa and Akçaabat Ortamahalle Houses

Authors: Tulay Zorlu| Doç. Dr. Tülay ZORLU, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Mimarlık Fakültesi Mimarlık Bölümü Kanuni Kampüsü 61080 Trabzon, e-posta: [email protected]
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(31 downloads)
Abstract

“Dwelling” is the leading architectural structure formed by the influence of culture. Dwellings are a mirror that reflects social, economic and cultural norms of societies. When compared, dwellings in different regions seem to reflect different socio-cultural worlds. Social components as well as physical components of culture are also effective in the development of this diversity. Factors such as beliefs, worldview, values, ethnicity, and social structure are the social components of the concept of culture. Social components of culture have a direct impact on the privacy requirements of societies and the formation of the mechanisms produced to meet such requirements. The phenomenon of privacy is one of the most important elements in the formation of dwellings and their usage patterns. Thus, the phenomenon of privacy and by extension the lifestyles of users are effective on a number of factors such as the variety of spaces in dwellings, plan schemes, and reinforcement organization based on space usage patterns. The present study discusses the association of culture and dwelling, addresses traditional Urfa and Akçaabat Ortamahalle houses in two different regions of Turkey within the context of the phenomenon of privacy, as a component of culture, and examines the effects of privacy in the layout features of dwellings, the hierarchy of open and semiopen spaces, and the formation of plan organization and facade characteristics.

Keywords: Culture, Dwelling, Privacy, Traditional Urfa Houses, Traditional Akçaabat Ortamahalle Houses
Evaluation of Upper Socio Economic Status Aparments in Open Living Spaces, in Terms of Residential Usage

Evaluation of Upper Socio Economic Status Aparments in Open Living Spaces, in Terms of Residential Usage

Authors: Kemal YILDIRIM| Prof.Dr., Gazi Üniversitesi, Teknik Eğitim Fakültesi, Mobilya ve Dekorasyon Eğitimi Bölümü [email protected], Feray ÜNLÜ| Yrd.Doç., A...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 2
(30 downloads)
Abstract

In this research we aim to evaluate the apartment residence in process of open space of living venue usage. With this intension we have chosen Atlantis City Apartments in Bat?kent region in Ankara that appeals to upper socio economic status (USES) for our research. These apartments consists of 3 bedroom and 4 bedroom apartments, we have conducted sample survey to determine changes that they have applied on the open living spaces. In conclusion most of the users think thathaving open space and hallway, living space and kitchen directly connected to each other useful. Also the residences think that having open space positively impacts their furniture arrangements. In addition to these findings an important portion of the surveyors used seperators between the hallways and the living space for privacy as well as some others used separators between the kitchen and the hallway to avoid cooking odour. That the survey also reveals that the surveyors perception of light/sullen concept differs in terms of open living space. We believe that perception difference is caused by the fact that 4 bedroom apartments have windows directly open to frontage.

Keywords: Interior design, Salon, Living spaces, Separator, Socio economic status
A Re-Reading of Turkish Modern Architecture after Derrida

A Re-Reading of Turkish Modern Architecture after Derrida

Authors: Şengül Öymen Gür| TC Beykent University, Department of Architecture, İstanbul, TURKEY [email protected], Serap Durmuş| Karadeniz Technical University, De...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(26 downloads)
Abstract

The present article presents a review of modern architectural history of Turkey through a deconstructionist perspective in the form of a re-read. The article providing a universallocal scale discussion of theoretical knowledge and history-writing claims that the history of architecture does not present an absolute whole and that a deconstructive track in the re-reading of modern architecture in Turkey entails a creative contribution to the theory of modern architecture. In a nutshell, the article develops a look on modern architecture in Turkey within the wider framework of center/periphery debate, and argues the need to question the absoluteness of meaning in history-writing in architecture in general and modern architecture in particular. Thereby, the article intends to eliminate contradictions of the past and history as observed through the most widely recognized depiction of the history of modern architecture. The re-reading based on the book on The International Style focuses on the examples of architecture from renowned Turkish architects, architects Kemaleddin Bey, and Seyfi Arkan and make amendments to modern architectural history by deconstructing the centralizing and homogenizing tendencies of history-writing in modern architecture.

Keywords: History-writing, Modern Architecture, Deconstruction, Turkish Modern Architecture
Ürün Tasar?m?nda Sonlu Hacimler Yöntemini Kullanmak-Fan’dan Yüzey Temizleme Cihaz?na

Ürün Tasar?m?nda Sonlu Hacimler Yöntemini Kullanmak-Fan’dan Yüzey Temizleme Cihaz?na

Authors: Selçuk KEÇEL| Gazi Üniversitesi, Mimarlık Fakültesi, Endüstri Ürünleri Tasarımı [email protected], Abdullah TOĞAY| Gazi Üniversitesi, Mimarlık Fakülte...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(26 downloads)
Abstract

The study highlights the " evolutionary design " processes and the results of the product through the example of a device design at the target of surface cleaning at high buildings. In today's high buildings glass cleaning is carried out manually by the employees with the help of building ropes. During this process, there are frequent situations in which employees are exposed to vital danger due to environmental wind speeds. An innovative suction nozzle design has been developed and implemented using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method in order to create a high suction capacity device while adhering to the fan model in operation. Thus, for a cleaning robot that can operate successfully at high environmental wind speeds, a suction hood design has been developed that allows the fans with high suction capacities to generate a high momentum and thus make the vacuuming process healthier on the glass surface. In this context, channel models with different suction mouths according to 3000-4500 rpm capacity fan model have been examined by HAD method. When design decisions were made, form changes were made according to the data obtained from CFD method, optimal product design was realized and productivity was increased. It also tried to emphasize the process-related effects of the evolutionary design approach used alongside the technical output of the product.

Keywords: Evolutionary design, design decisions, industrial product
The Reflection of Art Movements to the Landscape Architecture

The Reflection of Art Movements to the Landscape Architecture

Authors: Pınar Gültürk| Namık Kemal University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Design and Architecture Department of Landscape Architecture [email protected], Elif Eb...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Landscape architecture progressed as garden art in historical time. While gardens had formed formal, symmetrical approaches until these times, formal approach changed with naturalistic art movement which was dominated especially Europe after 18th century and started to formed by the effect of other art movements. Modernism was pioneer movement for becoming artistic and cultural trend with modern idea from the mid 19th century. Cubism movement was accepted as the birth of modernism and found a place prominently in many field such as architecture, literature. Biomorphism that focused on the power of natural life and closeness to the organic forms came up at the beginning of 20th century and was adopted by some part of art nouveau designers. Modernism movement was started to be queried as the retrospective re-evaluation effort from the mid 20th century and postmodern movement showed itself as change effort.Art movements from 18th century to today have been effective in landscape architecture as in many areas. In this study, the effect of art movements on landscape architecture was examined and briefed knowledge about today’s contemporary landscape design approach.

Keywords: art movement, garden art, landscape, architecture
Guiding Architecture Students to Take an Active Role in Design Studios

Guiding Architecture Students to Take an Active Role in Design Studios

Authors: Nazan KIRCI| Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Gazi University, Faculty of Architecture [email protected], Melike AKYOL| Research Assi...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(25 downloads)
Abstract

In an architectural design studio, there is a dynamic process of reciprocal and synchronized learning between the two major actors of student and tutor. In this study, the equilibrium between student and tutor is evaluated in terms of learning patterns introduced by Kolb. According to Kolb’s model, students complete a learning cycle comprising the four phases of concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization, and active experimentation. Correspondingly, tutors can be located on the axis created by the poles of reflective observation and active experimentation. During the process of learning in design studios, students are expected to be active participants, and tutors are expected to accompany students’ improvement. This article also discusses tutors’ methods of learning and teaching, in addition to their task of organizing students’ course of learning. The structure of architectural design studio is established upon conceptual studying, and students are supported with self-actualization practices. Consequently, an active learning experience is discovered that enrichs studio work, promotes and increases creativity, and provides convenience for the assessment process.

Keywords: active learning, student-tutor relationship, teaching and learning, creativity
Performativity of Theatre Architecture

Performativity of Theatre Architecture

Authors: Mehmet Kerem Özel| Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul-Turkey [email protected]
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Due to the increasing interest in performance as a design paradigm in the last 25 years, the term “performative architecture” can be defined very broadly within an expansive context from technology (structure, thermal energy, acoustics, etc.) to cultural theory, from socio-economic to environmental issues. This paper will try to make a synthesis between spatial performance and spatial performativity in order to use this synthesis as the critical framework for its analysis. Judith Butlers’s notion of performativity has entered into the vocabulary of architecture to explore the interrelation between subjectivity and place and has been used to think through how subjectivity is enacted in place and how place itself is enacted in the process of performance. On the other hand, performative architecture has a capacity to respond to changing social, cultural and technological conditions by perpetually reformatting itself as an index of emerging cultural patterns. In performative architecture, space unfolds in indeterminate ways, in contrast to the fixity of predetermined, programmed actions, events and effects. In this sense this paper aims to reread and reinterpret some examples of the 20th century theatre architecture in light of performance and performativity in order to answer the question: Can any black box theatre be called as an example of performative architecture?

Keywords: architecture, performativity, performance, theatre, black box
New Building Design in Original Rural Texture within the Scope of Sustainability: A Studio Experience - Konya Kilistra

New Building Design in Original Rural Texture within the Scope of Sustainability: A Studio Experience - Konya Kilistra

Authors: Associate Professor Dr. Mehmet UYSAL| Necmettin Erbakan University, Department of Architecture, Meram, Konya, TURKEY [email protected], Assist. Prof....
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Sustainability is a dynamic process including the concepts of time, continuity, conservation and liveability with change. The architectural principles of sustainability are the production of the one belonged to “place, culture and context”, conservation of resources and the design of liveable environments. In this scope, it is necessary to maintain the relationship between today and future with the creative continuity of the past in historical environments where has its own unique characteristics formed in a determined process. The adopting and application of the sustainable architecture principles in local and cultural scale as architectural design approach can be provided by education programs. This experience is gained in the design studios in architectural education. The importance of the design studios in the architectural education is very much and valuable. Design studios are application areas where the knowledge gained in other theoretical courses is synthesized. The problems in the design studios and their solutions contain serial systematic learning which has content-subject, theme, place, context, method and process. Students improve themselves by searching solutions for the problems they face in the design process with their studio executives’ experiences. The idea of experiencing to design a new building in a historical and at the same time rural texture where the quality of the place is used as design input in a historical environment as an expression of a culture and historical accumulation in design studios and the students adopting to produce buildings sensitive to sustainability is common view of the architectural academicians in all over the world. In the name of making the students gain the sustainable architecture consciousness, the study area of 4th Semester Design Studio in Department of Architecture in Selcuk University is given as "Kilistra Urban Archaeological Site" where the criterion formed by the historical and rural environment data should be turned into architectural values and leads the design decisions. The design problem in this site rural area, where has unique qualities, was determined as designing a "culture house" - a socio-cultural centre both the local people and visitors would use together and the students are asked to produce a new building belongs to place and context in this archaeological site. The problematic of how to design new buildings in original, historical and rural environment, how they should be, how to maintain the socio – cultural sustainability in the context of place – culture and identity are exposed. In this study; the process of new building design realization in historical environment in the scope of providing the sustainability of place ,context, culture, identity, locality, history, texture, tradition, originality concepts are explained. The analyses of the basic concepts like tradition and relation, and design products were exemplified.

Keywords: sustainability, new building in historical rural area, architectural education
Geleneksel Silvan Evlerinin Mimari Analizi Architectural Analysis of Traditional Silvan Houses

Geleneksel Silvan Evlerinin Mimari Analizi Architectural Analysis of Traditional Silvan Houses

Authors: Emine DAĞTEKİN| Dicle Üniversity, Fakülte of Architecture, Department of Architecture [email protected], Gülin Payaslı OĞUZ| Dicle Üniversity,...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Silvan, the town of Diyarbakir is a historical environment which contains tangible and intangible cultural heritage of traditional urban culture. In the town of Silvan which conserves its architectural texture partially, traditional houses are an important part of urban identity, witnessing the level and quality of past. There are still some examples of traditional characteristic houses which are located in Silvan Castle suitable with the topography and formed by the use of local materials. The materials of Silvan houses, which have a unique architectural character in terms of plan layout, façade shape and material usage, are stone, and wooden just in the floors. The facades are enriched with triangular pediments, cornices, moldings, top windows and stone figures, like in the monumental buildings. In the literature survey, it has been determined that no studies have been done about Silvan houses. In this study, it is aimed to attract the attention of researchers by introducing the civil architectural heritage of Silvan Town. In this respect, architectural survey has been conducted in traditional houses of Silvan Town and the evaluations revealed through this article.

Keywords: Silvan Traditional Houses, Restoration, Conservation
Evaluation of Final Product Integrated with Intelligent Systems in Architectural Education Studios

Evaluation of Final Product Integrated with Intelligent Systems in Architectural Education Studios

Authors: H. Derya ARSLAN| Asst. Prof. Dr. Necmettin Erbakan University, Architecture Department, Meram, Konya, Turkey. [email protected] (Corresponding...
Year: 2017, Volume: 5, Number: 3
(23 downloads)
Abstract

Intelligent systems and artificial intelligence are used in many areas today. In this study, it was investigated how smart systems could be successful in evaluating the projects presented as final products within the scope of studio lesson in architectural education process. In line with this aim, the study was arranged with the educational design projects designed by the students within the scope of the architectural design studio, which is the most important basic unit of architectural education. Firstly, the projects prepared during the training process were assessed and graded by the jury. After that, 51 architects (architecture fourth graders) were asked to evaluate the educational structure projects obtained at the end of the training process over the delivered products. Five different criteria have been used in evaluations such as form, function, aesthetics, flexibility and authenticity. The assessments made by the architects and the jury members were paired and the data set was created. The numerical values obtained were trained and tested using intelligent system methods used to solve different problems in the literature. At the end of the study, evaluation scores and estimation percentages of intelligent systems were found. Intelligent systems seemed to come very close to the assessments that the jury made. The use of intelligent systems for the final product evaluation in architectural studios has been recommended.

Keywords: Architectural education, Building designing, Project evaluation, intelligent systems

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